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The Internet-What is it?

According to dictionaries the definition is:



a global computer network providing a variety of information and communication facilities, consisting of interconnected networks using standardized communication protocols.


Technically, the Internet is a global system of connected computer networks. A network of networks, it allows computers to send each other small packets of information or data very quickly and over great distances.

When you use the internet to view a website your computer sends a request and recieves information in return, this is then displayed on your screen. The information you recieve is usually stored on a server that hosts the website.


The internet functions through the use of the Internet Protocol address (usually a series of numbers separated by full stops and the Domain name system (the web address of a site These allow the networked computers to be idendifed.

The internet is not centrally governed. The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) directs the standardisation of protocols.

Traditional means of communication are being reshaped by the internet. Newspapers, books and other printed medium have become blogs and web feeds. Video calling using new Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) and media streaming



Beginning in the 1960s networked computers began to emerge in the US. Protocols were developed through the 70s by a series of companies using ever more powerful computers.

The Internet started a rapid expansion to Europe and Australia in the 1980s and to Asia in the early 1990s. By the mid 1990s the introduction of more services to the internet like the World Wide Web and VoIP, bringing with them discussion forums, social networks and online shopping has, and continues to have, a great impact on societies across the globe.

The internet should not be confused with the World Wide Web.
The World Wide Web was invented by Tim Berners-Lee in 1991 and is just one of the services runnning on the internet. Other services include Email, file trtansfer, online games, remote computer control and newsgroups.



  • BBC Webwise

  • Wikipedia article Internet

  • Social Networking Service article on Wikipedia

  • Internet Forum article on Wikipedia

  • History of the World Wide Web


How to spot a scam email

Electronic mail is a very useful thing and can provide fast and effective means of communication. It allows us to store contacts and helps us organise our conversations. It has become an essential part of an extended internet experience giving us access to regularly updated information from subscriptions.

There is a dark side to the relatively free flow of information. Scammers have found ways to con you into parting with sensitive information that they can use to make money.  A method usually known as Phishing.


Stay ahead of the criminals, learn their tricks

Some sophisticated methods have been employed in recent years, for example targeting members of banks and building societies asking them to resend their details because of a computer error. Or ask to reset your password after entering your old one with your email address.

Never click on a link in an email unless you are expecting it.

The email may look authentic and that it is from a trusted source or the email link may take you to a web page that resembles the original, authentic one.

There is a simple way of staying ahead of the criminal online. Be aware of the risks and never give out your sensitive information to anyone requesting it unless you have instigated the process.

Be cautious if an unexpected email asks for your details.

You may receive trash mail or junk mail inadvertently by signing up to some websites as they will sell your details to advertising companies or automatically subscribe you to other websites without it being obvious. It is not a big problem but If you are concerned that this might happen read the terms and conditions before agreeing.

Its not just Email

This plague of confidence tricks does not only exist online and one should be careful giving out any information over the phone to strangers that call.

Letter mail can also cause problems as scams like this originated from this method. Promising winnings but the customer must pay money first in order to claim is just one example the criminals use to convince us of something that is clearly to good to be true.

Be wary if someone asks for payment before receipt.

A note about subscriptions

Email will enable you to subscribe to website newsletters and periodicals, deals and magazines. You can benefit a lot financially if you check your email for updates from subscriptions involving time limited offers. Sites like Groupon and Wowcher offer this type of service.

You can get bogged down with newsletters if you subscribe to everything but it is usually straight forward to unsubscribe from them. A link should be present at the bottom of the email or a link that will take you to a page that will let you do this.

Alternative ways to protect your email account

Always use strong passwords that include numbers and symbols and make it longer than 12 characters in length. For example use a password such as “myrabbitsears780£”


Use more than one email account. There are a lot of free email services to choose from so why limit yourself to just one. In some cases it can help to have more than one email account, it can be used to verify your other account and can help if you forget your password or account name.

NttN Guide to Online Supermarket Grocery Shopping UK

Online Grocery shopping

Opening Times on average

Waitrose –8am to 10pm
Acado — 6am to 11.30pm
Sainsburys — 8am to 10pm
Tesco — 8am to 10pm
Asda — 8am to 10pm

Tips on Shopping for Groceries Online

You will need an email account and an address for delivery to shop for your groceries online. It is as easy as filling in a form and chosing what you want and when.

Use a credit card that gives you cash back on purchases for your online shopping to protect your money and receive rewards.

Shopping online from the supermarket can unburden you from having to deal the heavy items. You can browse multiple offers quickly and compare prices easily.

Substitutions may occur and some breakages will inevitably happen but not very often and the supermarkets are good at refunding the cost of broken or damaged products.

Buying bulk items will reduce the overall individual cost of the item

Which supermarket chain charges the least for delivery and is the quickest at delivering your groceries

All of the leading supermarkets give free delivery to orders over a certain amount, generally £75-£100. There is a minimum spend amount that has to be met before you can have anything delivered.

Sainsburys, Tesco, Waitrose and Asda offer a click and collect service. Groceries can be pre-ordered and collected from the nominated store later. Ocado only exists online but does have free delivery most days after 10pm.

Reward cards or reward schemes are a good way to receive offers and special deals. All the supermarkets offer them and will mostly reward you with incentives to continue shopping with them, for example a bottle of wine free with next order or £10 off next order.

According to a Which supermarket customer survey of 2,161 in October 2012. Acado and Waitrose came out top for online service with Sainsburys scoring a little less for fresh produce quality. Tesco and Asda fell behind on delivery service, placing the order and substitutions.

Compare prices from 9 main highstreet and supermarket stores and save yourself money on every delivery by trying Mysupermarket



Supermarket tips and tricks money saving expert

Online Supermarket shop compared

Which customer ratings of supermarkets



Quick Start Guide to the World Wide Web

Navigating the World Wide Web


The address bar and search box are generally found at the top of your Web browser. The address is the location of the website you are visiting. The web address can be entered directly into it (for example

Using a tool to Search the Net


Search engines, such as Google and Bing, are extremely useful and most commonly used to find websites.  Click to activate, then enter whatever you want to look up into the box.  Press enter on the keyboard or click the magnifying glass icon to continue.

To receive more accurate search results try use speech marks “New to the Net”

Organising your experience


The sheer number of websites available to you is vast so being able to save the website addresses you visit is very helpful.  This is where the” bookmarks” or “favourites” will come into its own.




You will find the bookmark/favourite option on your toolbar at the top of your screen.


A good practice is to save your favourite websites and begin to  organise these bookmarks into folders. It  is very useful, making it easier and quicker to find what you are looking for.
For Even quicker organisation you can add favourites and folders to a toolbar that runs across the top of the browser, making them immediately accessible.


Choosing a browser


The default in most PCs is internet explorer and should already be on your computer’s desktop and menu bar. The default web browser on AppleMac is Safari and also should be available to you from the main menu.
See browsers section for a detailed explanation of web browsers and how to get the most out of your window into the World Wide Web.

Sign up for Email


Before you get carried away and lose hours surfing we recommend you sign up for an Email account. Some websites require an Email to access them, some provide a fuller experience once you have signed up which requires Email conformation.

You can receive newsletters and special offers

Below are some suggestions of most popular Email providers.


You can connect with friends and family via social networks of which Email is central.